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Home World first 12-month, 1.5C spell due to climate change

World first 12-month, 1.5C spell due to climate change


January sets a new temperature record as global warming reaches 1.5°C.


According to the European Union's climate change monitoring agency, the globe has just encountered its hottest January ever recorded. This also signifies the first 12-month period in which temperatures have consistently exceeded 1.5 degrees Celsius (2.7 degrees Fahrenheit) beyond the levels seen before the industrial era.


Based on global historical records dating back to 1850, it is a fact that the year 2023 has been identified as the hottest year on the planet. This is unequivocally due to the combined effects of human-induced climate change and El Niño, a meteorological phenomenon that causes the surface waters in the eastern Pacific Ocean to rise, resulting in elevated temperatures.


"The global mean temperature for 12 months surpassing 1.5C above pre-industrial temperatures is a noteworthy achievement," stated Matt Patterson, an atmospheric physicist from the University of Oxford.


According to statistics from the Copernicus Climate Change Service (C3S) dating back to 1950, January had the warmest temperature.


During the United Nations climate conference in Paris in 2015, countries reached a consensus to ensure that global warming remains far below 2 degrees Celsius (3.6 degrees Fahrenheit) and strive to restrict it to 1.5 degrees Celsius. This target is considered essential to prevent the most severe repercussions. 


The occurrence of a consecutive 12-month period with a temperature beyond 1.5C does not necessarily indicate a failure to achieve the Paris goal, as the U.N. accord pertains to the average global temperature over several decades.


Nevertheless, several experts contend that achieving the 1.5C objective is no longer feasible and are urging governments to expedite their efforts in reducing CO2 emissions to minimise the extent to which the threshold is exceeded.


"The only effective method to prevent global temperatures from rising is through swift reductions in greenhouse gas emissions," stated Samantha Burgess, the deputy director of C3S.


In addition, as legislators run for re-election in a year with many democratic elections, economic instability and political pressures are testing the government's resolve to enact policies to reduce greenhouse gases.


"If we do not undergo a fundamental transformation in our energy production and consumption practices within a few years, we are inevitably moving towards a catastrophic event," warned Denmark's Global Climate Policy Minister, Dan Jorgensen, in an interview with Reuters. "Time is limited," he stated.


Experts say January was the warmest ever.


University of Reading experts have addressed the report from Copernicus stating that January 2024 was the hottest ever recorded. 


According to Professor Chris Merchant, an expert in ocean and earth observation, January 2024 broke yet another record for global temperature. This is unsurprising, given the series of months in 2023 that also saw record-breaking temperatures. The continued El Niño event, which is of significant intensity, is contributing to the rise in global temperatures. Additionally, the accumulation of carbon dioxide and methane in the atmosphere, resulting from human activities, is also contributing to the persistent increase in temperature.


However, the year 2023 was particularly notable for being even hotter than anticipated, and it is quite likely that 2024 will follow. Global warming is a legitimate issue for several individuals and corporations worldwide, prompting them to transition away from fossil fuels. The transition to sustainable energy is making significant advancements. However, we require a pace of advancement that is five times more rapid, yet many political leaders remain oblivious to the significance of the situation. We require their awakening. 


According to Professor Richard Allan, a climate science expert, the Earth is currently experiencing temperatures as warm as 125 thousand years ago, and the temperatures are increasing rapidly. The past year has been recorded as having a temperature that is 1.5 degrees Celsius higher than before the industrial era.


The objective of the Paris Climate Agreement was to restrict the increase in global temperature to 1.5 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels over 20 or 30 years. However, the available evidence indicates that we are approaching the point of surpassing this limit. 


However, it is undeniable that the only way to prevent the gradual deterioration of extreme weather and rising sea levels beyond increasingly perilous levels of warming is through swift, substantial, and continuous reductions in greenhouse gas emissions in all areas of society. 



  • The first 12-month period is above the 1.5C threshold.
  • The world just had the hottest January on record.
  • Climate change and El Nino push up temperatures.
  • Scientists urge rapid action to cut emissions.

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