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Climate crisis: Bangladesh is grappling with escalating climate change impacts

by Sub Editor - Feb 19 139 Views 0 Comment
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Bangladesh is one of the countries most seriously impacted by the increasing climate change crisis. Situated in the rich Ganges-Brahmaputra delta, this heavily populated country is at risk from increasing sea levels, more severe cyclones, and erratic weather patterns. Bangladesh has little contribution to global greenhouse gas emissions and is facing a problem it did not cause.

 

Rising Seas, Land Loss:

Rising sea levels pose an imminent danger. Bangladesh is prone to coastal flooding since most of its landmass is below 10 meters. A one-meter increase could flood 20% of the nation, displacing millions and endangering crucial agricultural land. According to Nature Communications research, rising sea levels might displace nearly 10 million Bangladeshis by 2100, even under modest emission scenarios.

 

Weather Extremes: Growing Threat:

In recent years, cyclones and floods have become more frequent and intense. The worst storm in almost a decade, storm Amphan, devastated Bangladesh in 2020, displacing millions. The World Bank (2022) estimates tropical cyclones cost Bangladesh $1 billion yearly, underscoring their economic impact.

 

Threat to Food Security:

The effects of climate change go beyond environmental deterioration. Millions of people face food insecurity due to coastal salinisation and weather patterns. According to the Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) (2023), climate change might cut Bangladeshi rice harvests by 30% by 2050, worsening vulnerabilities and increasing hunger.

 

A Nation Adapting, World Watching:

Bangladesh leads in global climate adaptation despite many hurdles. The country's measures include embankments, cyclone shelters, community-based awareness programs, and climate-resilient agriculture. Bangladesh has also committed to reducing greenhouse gas emissions by 21.8% by 2030.

 

The Global Action Call:

Bangladesh's efforts are admirable, but the climate catastrophe demands global action. Developed nations, the biggest greenhouse gas emitters, must help developing countries like Bangladesh adapt and mitigate.

 

Bangladesh illustrates the need for climate action. The nation's battle mirrors the global problem. Bangladesh and other vulnerable countries on the front lines of climate change will only have a sustainable future via collective action and shared responsibility.

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